Cologne, 10 June 1999
STABILITY PACT FOR SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE
I. PARTICIPANTS, DESCRIPTION OF SITUATION
- We, the Foreign Ministers of the Member States of the European Union, the European Commission, the Foreign Ministers of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, the Russian Federation, Slovenia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia ,Turkey, the United States of America, the OSCE Chairman in Office and the Representative of the Council of Europe representing the participants in today's Conference on South Eastern Europe; and the Foreign Ministers of Canada and Japan, Representatives of the United Nations, UNHCR, NATO, OECD, WEU, International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, acting within their competences, representing the facilitating States, Organisations and Institutions of today's Conference, as well as the Representatives of the Royaumont process, BSEC, CEI, SECI and SEECP, have met in Cologne on 10 June 1999, in response to the European Union's call to adopt a Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe.
- The countries of South Eastern Europe recognize their responsibility to work within the international community to develop a shared strategy for stability and growth of the region and to cooperate with each other and major donors to implement that strategy. Seizing the opportunity to address structural shortfalls and unresolved issues will accelerate democratic and economic development in the region.
- We will strive to achieve the objective of lasting peace, prosperity and stability for South Eastern Europe. We will reach this objective through a comprehensive and coherent approach to the region involving the EU, the OSCE, the Council of Europe, the UN, NATO, the OECD, the WEU, the IFIs and the regional initiatives. We welcome the fact that the European Union and the United States have made support for the Stability Pact a priority in their New Transatlantic Agenda, as well as the fact that the European Union and the Russian Federation have made the Stability Pact a priority in their political dialogue.
- A settlement of the Kosovo conflict is critical to our ability to reach fully the objectives of the Stability Pact and to work towards permanent, long term measures for a future of peace and inter-ethnic harmony without fear of the resurgence of war.
II. PRINCIPLES AND NORMS
- We solemnly reaffirm our commitment to all the principles and norms enshrined in the UN Charter, the Helsinki Final Act, the Charter of Paris, the 1990 Copenhagen Document and other OSCE documents, and, as applicable, to the full implementation of relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, the relevant conventions of the Council of Europe and the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a view to promoting good neighbourly relations.
- In our endeavours, we will build upon bilateral and multilateral agreements on good neighbourly relations concluded by States in the region participating in the Pact, and will seek the conclusion of such agreements where they do not exist. They will form an essential element of the Stability Pact.
- We reaffirm that we are accountable to our citizens and responsible to one another for respect for OSCE norms and principles and for the implementation of our commitments. We also reaffirm that commitments with respect to the human dimension undertaken through our membership in the OSCE are matters of direct and legitimate concern to all States participating in the Stability Pact, and do not belong exclusively to the internal affairs of the State concerned. Respect for these commitments constitutes one of the foundations of international order, to which we intend to make a substantial contribution.
- We take note that countries in the region participating in the Stability Pact commit themselves to continued democratic and economic reforms, as elaborated in paragraph 10, as well as bilateral and regional cooperation amongst themselves to advance their integration, on an individual basis, into Euro-Atlantic structures. The EU Member States and other participating countries and international organisations and institutions commit themselves to making every effort to assist them to make speedy and measurable progress along this road. We reaffirm the inherent right of each and every participating State to be free to choose or change its security arrangements, including treaties of alliance as they evolve. Each participating State will respect the rights of all others in this regard. They will not strengthen their security at the expense of the security of other States.
- The Stability Pact aims at strengthening countries in South Eastern Europe in their efforts to foster peace, democracy, respect for human rights and economic prosperity, in order to achieve stability in the whole region. Those countries in the region who seek integration into Euro-Atlantic structures, alongside a number of other participants in the Pact, strongly believe that the implementation of this process will facilitate their objective.
- To that end we pledge to cooperate towards:
- preventing and putting an end to tensions and crises as a prerequisite for lasting stability. This includes concluding and implementing among ourselves multilateral and bilateral agreements and taking domestic measures to overcome the existing potential for conflict;
- bringing about mature democratic political processes, based on free and fair elections, grounded in the rule of law and full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, the right to free and independent media, legislative branches accountable to their constituents, independent
judiciaries, combating corruption, deepening and strengthening of civil society;
- creating peaceful and good-neighbourly relations in the region through strict observance of the principles of the Helsinki Final Act, confidence building and reconciliation, encouraging work in the OSCE and other fora on regional confidence building measures and mechanisms for security cooperation;
- preserving the multinational and multiethnic diversity of countries in the region, and protecting minorities;
- creating vibrant market economies based on sound macro policies, markets open to greatly expanded foreign trade and private sector investment, effective and transparent customs and commercial/regulatory regimes, developing strong capital markets and diversified ownership, including privatisation, leading to a widening circle of prosperity for all our citizens;
- fostering economic cooperation in the region and between the region and the rest of Europe and the world, including free trade areas; promoting unimpeded contacts among citizens;
- combatting organised crime, corruption and terrorism and all criminal and illegal activities;
- preventing forced population displacement caused by war, persecution and civil strife as well as migration generated by poverty;
- ensuring the safe and free return of all refugees and displaced persons to their homes, while assisting the countries in the region by sharing the burden imposed upon them;
- creating the conditions, for countries of South Eastern Europe, for full integration into political, economic and security structures of their choice.
- Lasting peace and stability in South Eastern Europe will only become possible when democratic principles and values, which are already actively promoted by many countries in the region, have taken root throughout, including in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia . International efforts must focus on consolidating and linking areas of stability in the region to lay a firm foundation for the transition of the region as a whole to a peaceful and democratic future. We declare that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia will be welcome as a full and equal participant in the Stability Pact, following the political settlement of the Kosovo crisis on the basis of the principles agreed by G8 Foreign Ministers and taking into account the need for respect by all participants for the principles and objectives of this Pact. In order to draw the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia closer to this goal, respecting its sovereignty and territorial integrity, we will cinsider ways of making the Republic of Montenegro an early beneficiary of the Pact. In this context, we welcome involvement in our meetings of representatives of Montenegro, as a constituent Republic of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. We also note the intention of the European Union and other interested participants to continue to work closely with its democratically elected government.
IV. MECHANISMS OF THE STABILITY PACT
- To reach the objectives we have set for ourselves, we have agreed to set up a South Eastern Europe Regional Table. The South Eastern Europe Regional Table will review progress under the Stability Pact, carry it forward and provide guidance for advancing its objectives.
- The Stability Pact will have a Special Coordinator, who will be appointed by the European Union, after consultation with the OSCE Chairman in Office and other participants, and endorsed by the OSCE Chairman in Office. The Special Coordinator will chair the South Eastern Europe Regional Table and will be responsible for promoting achievement of the Pact's objectives within and between the individual countries, supported by appropriate structures tailored to need, in close cooperation with the governments and relevant institutions of the countries, in particular other interested associated countries of the European Union, as well as relevant international organisations and institutions concerned. The Special Coordinator will provide periodic progress reports to the OSCE, according to its procedures, on behalf of the South Eastern Europe Regional Table.
- The South Eastern Europe Regional Table will ensure coordination of activities expertise, institutions and initiatives and could be divided into sub-tables:
- Working Table on democratisation and human rights;
- Working Table on economic reconstruction, development and cooperation;
- Working Table on security issues.
- Responsibilities for these Working Tables are referred to in the Annex to this document. The Working Tables will address and facilitate the resolution of the issues entrusted to them by arrangements to be agreed at each table.
- The South Eastern Europe Regional Table and the Working Tables will consist of the participants of the Stability Pact. The facilitator States, Organisations and Institutions as well as the regional initiatives referred to in paragraph 1 of this document are entitled to participate in the Working Tables and in the South Eastern Europe Regional Table if they so wish. Neighbouring and other countries, in particular other interested associated countries of the EU, as well as relevant international organisations and institutions may be invited as participants or observers, as appropriate, and without any ensuing commitment to the future, to the South Eastern Europe Regional Table and/or the Working Tables, in order to contribute to the objectives of the Stability Pact.
V. ROLES OF AND COOPERATION BETWEEN PARTICIPANTS
- Work in the Stability Pact should take into account the diversity of the situation of participants. To achieve the objectives of this Pact, we will provide for effective coordination between the participating and facilitating States, international and regional Organisations and Institutions, which have unique knowledge and expertise to contribute to the common endeavour. We look to the active and creative participation by all concerned to bring about the conditions which will enable the countries in the region to seize the opportunity represented by this Pact. Each of the participants will endeavour to ensure that the objectives of the Stability Pact are furthered in their own participation in all relevant international Organisations and Institutions.
Role of the EU
- We welcome the European Union's initiative in launching the Stability Pact and the leading role the EU is playing, in cooperation with other participating and facilitating States, international Organisations and Institutions. The launching of the Pact will give a firm European anchorage to the region. The ultimate success of the Pact will depend largely on the efforts of the States concerned to fulfil the objectives of the Pact and to develop regional cooperation through multilateral and bilateral agreements.
- We warmly welcome the European Union's readiness to actively support the countries in the region and to enable them to achieve the objectives of the Stability Pact. We welcome the EU's activity to strengthen democratic and economic institutions in the region through a number of relevant programmes. We note progress towards the establishment and development of contractual relations, on an individual basis and within the framework of its Regional Approach, between the EU and countries of the region. We take note that, on the basis of the Vienna European Council Conclusions, the EU will prepare a "Common Strategy towards the Western Balkans", as a fundamental initiative.
- The EU will draw the region closer to the perspective of full integration of these countries into its structures. In case of countries which have not yet concluded association agreements with the EU, this will be done through a new kind of contractual relationship taking fully into account the individual situations of each country with the perspective of EU membership, on the basis of the Amsterdam Treaty and once the Copenhagen criteria have been met. We note the European Union's willingness that, while deciding autonomously, it will consider the achievement of the objectives of the Stability Pact, in particular progress in developing regional cooperation, among the important elements in evaluating the merits of such a perspective.
Role of countries in the region
- We highly appreciate the contribution and the solidarity of the countries in the region with the efforts of the international community for reaching a peaceful solution on Kosovo. We welcome the efforts so far deployed and results achieved by countries in South Eastern Europe towards democratisation, economic reform and regional cooperation and stability. These countries will be the main beneficiaries of the Pact and recognise that its successful implementation, and the advance towards Euro-Atlantic structures for those seeking it depend decisively on their commitment to implement the objectives of the Pact, in particular on their willingness to cooperate on a bilateral and multilateral level and to promote the objectives of the Pact within their own respective national structures.
Role of the OSCE
- We welcome the OSCE's intention, as the only pan-European security organisation and as a regional arrangement under Chapter VIII of the UN Charter and a primary instrument for early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation, to make a significant contribution to the efforts undertaken through the Stability Pact. We reaffirm that the OSCE has a key role to play in fostering all dimensions of security and stability. Accordingly, we request that the Stability Pact be placed under the auspices of the OSCE, and will rely fully on the OSCE to work for compliance with the provisions of the Stability Pact by the participating States, in accordance with its procedures and established principles.
- We will rely on the OSCE institutions and instruments and their expertise to contribute to the proceedings of the South Eastern Europe Regional Table and of the Working Tables, in particular the Working Table on Democratisation and Human Rights. Their unique competences will be much needed in furthering the aims and objectives of the Stability Pact. We express our intention, in cases requiring OSCE involvement with regard to the observance of OSCE principles in the implementation of the Stability Pact, to resort, where appropriate, to the instruments and procedures of the OSCE, including those concerning conflict prevention, the peaceful settlement of disputes and the human dimension. States parties to the Convention establishing the Court of Conciliation and Arbitration may also refer to the Court possible disputes and ask for the non-binding opinion of the Court.
Role of the Council of Europe
- We welcome the Council of Europe's readiness to integrate all countries in the region into full membership on the basis of the principles of pluralist democracy, human rights and the rule of law. The Council of Europe can make an important contribution to the objectives of the Pact through its parliamentary and intergovernmental organs and institutions, its European norms embodied in relevant legally-binding Conventions, primarily the European Convention of Human Rights (and the Court), its instruments and assistance programmes in the fields of democratic institutions, human rights, law, justice and education, as well as its strong links with civil society. In this context, we take note with great interest of the Council of Europe's Stability Programme for South East Europe to be implemented, together and in close coordination with the countries concerned and other international and regional organisations active in the field.
Role of the UN, including UNHCR
- We underline the UN's central role in the region for peace and security and for lasting political normalisation, as well as for humanitarian efforts and economic rehabilitation. We strongly support UNHCR's lead agency function in all refugee-related questions, in particular the protection and return of refugees and displaced persons and the crucial role undertaken by WFP, UNICEF, WHO, UNDP, UNHCHR and other members of the UN system. We look forward to the active involvement of relevant UN agencies in the South Eastern Europe Regional Table. We note that the UN Economic Commission for Europe has expertise which can usefully contribute to the proceedings of the Working Tables of the Stability Pact.
Role of NATO
- We note NATO's decision to increase cooperation with the countries of South Eastern Europe and its commitment to openness, as well as the intention of NATO, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council and the Partnership for Peace to work in cooperation with other Euro-Atlantic structures, to contribute to stability and security and to maintain and increase consultations with the countries of the region. We call for their engagement, in conformity with the objectives of the Pact, in regional security cooperation and conflict prevention and management. We welcome these stabilization activities aimed at promoting the objectives of this Pact. The enhanced use of NATO's consultative fora and mechanisms, the development of an EAPC cooperative mechanism and the increased use of Partnership for Peace programmes will serve the objectives of overall stability, cooperation and good-neighbourliness envisaged in the Pact.
- The members of NATO and a substantial number of other participants underscore that the Alliance has an important role to play in achieving the objectives of the Pact, noting in particular NATO's recent decisions to reach out to countries of the region.
Role of the United States of America
- Having worked closely with the European Union to launch this Pact, the United States of America will continue to play a leading role in the development and implementation of the Pact, in cooperation with other participants and facilitators. We believe that the active role of the United States underscores the vital importance attached by countries of the region to their integration into Euro-Atlantic structures.
We note the United States' readiness to support this objective, as these
countries work to become as strong candidates as possible for eventual
membership in Euro-Atlantic institutions. We welcome the ongoing
contribution of the United States, including through economic and
technical assistance programmes, and through its shared leadership in
International financial Institutions, to the States of South Eastern
Europe. The United States will coordinate and cooperate with the other
donors to ensure the maximum effectiveness of assistance to the region.
Role of the Russian Federation
has played and continues to play a key role in the region. Russian efforts
and contribution to achieving a peaceful solution of conflicts there, in
particular of the Kosovo crisis, are appreciated. Having been involved at
an early stage in the launching of this Pact, the Russian Federation will
continue to play a leading and constructive role in development and
implementation of the Pact, in cooperation with the EU, the UN, the OSCE,
the Council of Europe, international economic and financial organisations
and institutions, as well as regional initiatives and individual states.
The Russian Federation can make a valuable contribution to activities
aimed at promoting peace, security and post-conflict cooperation.‚
Role of the IFIs
IMF, the World Bank, the EBRD and the EIB, as the European Union financing
institution, have a most important role to play, in accordance with their
specific mandates, in supporting the countries in the region in achieving
economic stabilisation, reform, and development of the region. We rely on
them to develop a coherent international assistance strategy for the
region and to promote sound macro-economic and structural policies by the
countries concerned. We call on these International Financial Institutions
to take an active part in the South Eastern Europe Regional Table and the
relevant Working Tables.
Role of the OECD
note the OECD's unique strength as a forum for dialogue on medium-term
structural policy and best practices. We rely on the OECD in consideration
of its well-known competence in dealing with economies in transition and its
open dialogue with the countries of South Eastern Europe, to take an
active part in the South Eastern Europe Regional Table and to assist in
the process of economic reconstruction, the strengthening of good
governance and administrative capacities and the further integration of
affected States into the European and global economy.
Role of the WEU
welcome the role which the WEU plays in promoting stability in the region.
We note in this respect the contribution to security the WEU makes, at the
request of the European Union, through its missions in countries in the
VI. REGIONAL INITIATIVES AND ORGANISATIONS
stress our interest in viable regional initiatives and organisations which
foster friendly cooperation between neighbouring States. We welcome
sub-regional cooperation schemes between participating countries. We will
endeavour to ensure cooperation and coordination between these initiatives
and the Stability Pact, which will be mutually reinforcing. We will build
on their relevant achievements.
note that the Royaumont process has already established a dynamic
framework for cooperation in the area of democracy and civil society.
Therefore, Royaumont has a key role to play in this area, particularly
within the framework of the first Working Table of the Stability Pact.
note the role of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation in
promoting mutual understanding, improving the overall political climate
and fostering economic development in the Black Sea region. Welcoming its
engagement to peace, security and stability through economic cooperation,
we invite the BSEC to contribute to the implementation of the Stability
Pact for South Eastern Europe.
note that the Central European Initiative has established, with countries
in the region, a stable and integrated framework of dialogue, coordination
and cooperation in the political, economic, cultural and parliamentary
fields. On the basis of its experience, it has an important role to play
in the framework of the South Eastern Europe Regional Table.
note that the South East Europe Cooperation Initiative (SECI) has
developed an innovative approach to economic and infrastructure related
cooperation in the region by facilitating joint decision-making by the
South Eastern European countries in its areas of activity. As such, it has
a key role to play concerning regional economic issues, in particular the
removal of disincentives to private investment in the region, in the
framework of the Stability Pact.
commend the South Eastern Europe Cooperation Process as a further
successful regional cooperation scheme. We encourage its further
development and institutionalisation, including the finalisation of its
charter on good-neighbourly relations and cooperation.
note the contribution in the security dimension of the South Eastern
European Defence Ministers (SEDM) group, which has brought the countries
of the region and other nations into a variety of cooperative activities
which enhance transparency and mutual confidence, such as the new
Multinational Peace-Keeping Force for South East Europe.
expect the proposed Conference on the Adriatic and Ionian Sea region to
provide a positive contribution to the region.
VII. INTERNATIONAL DONOR MOBILISATION AND COORDINATION PROCESS
reaffirm our strong commitment to support reconstruction, stabilisation
and integration for the region, and call upon the international donor
community to participate generously. We welcome the progress made by the
World Bank and the European Union, through the European Commission,
towards establishing a donor coordination process. This process will
closely interact with the relevant Working Table, and will identify
appropriate modalities to administer and channel international assistance.
The World Bank and the European Commission will also be responsible for
coordinating a comprehensive approach for regional development and the
necessary donors conferences.
VIII. IMPLEMENTATION AND REVIEW MECHANISMS
implementation of this Pact will depend on the development and the
strengthening of administrative and institutional capacity as well as
civil society in the countries concerned - both at national and local
level - in order to reinforce the consolidation of democratic structures
and have longer-term benefits for effective administration and absorption
of international assistance for the region.
South Eastern Europe Regional Table and the Working Tables will be
convened for their inaugural meetings at the earliest possible opportunity
at the invitation of the Presidency of the European Union. They will work
to achieve concrete results according to agreed timelines, in conformity
with the objectives of the Stability Pact. The South Eastern Europe
Regional Table will meet periodically, at a level to be determined, to
review progress made by the Working Tables. The South Eastern Europe
Regional Table will provide guidance to the Working Tables.
Organisation of the South Eastern Europe Regional Table and the Working Tables of the Stability
Pact for South Eastern Europe
South Eastern Europe Regional Table will carry forward the Stability Pact
by acting as a clearing house for all questions of principle relating to
the substance and implementation of the Stability Pact as well as a steering
body in the Stability Pact process. The South Eastern Europe Regional
Table will provide guidance to the Working Tables.
Working Tables are instruments for maintaining and improving good-neighbourly
relations in the region by constructively addressing and facilitating the
resolution of the issues entrusted to them. The objectives of the Working
Tables will be in particular:
- the discussion of issues in a multilateral framework conducive to the
definition of ways to address shortfalls and to the settlement of
differences by arrangements and agreements, drawing on the expertise and
support of participants as well as facilitator States, Organisations,
Institutions and regional initiatives, in particular from the OSCE and the
Council of Europe;
- the identification of projects aimed at facilitating the achievement of
arrangements, agreements and measures in conformity with the objectives of
the Pact. Special attention is to be given to projects which involve two
and more countries in the region.
- where necessary, the injection of momentum in areas where further
progress should be achieved.
Working Table will address the following range of issues and will decide,
as appropriate, whether the establishment of sub-tables, comprising the
participants and facilitators, will be necessary;
- Working Table on democratisation and human rights, which will address:
i. democratisation and human rights, including the rights of persons
belonging to national minorities; free and independent media; civil
society building; rule of law and law enforcement; institution building;
efficient administration and good governance; development of common rules
of conduct on border related questions; other related questions of
interest to the participants;
ii. refugee issues, including protection and return of refugees and
- Working Table on economic reconstruction, development and cooperation,
including economic cooperation in the region and between the region and
the rest of Europe and the world; promotion of free trade areas;
border-crossing transport; energy supply and savings; deregulation and
transparency; infrastructure; promotion of private sector business;
environmental issues; sustainable reintegration of refugees; other related
questions of interest to the participants, while maintaining the integrity
of the donor coordination process;
- Working Table on security issues, which will :
(i) address justice and home affairs, as well as migratory issues; focus
on measures to combat organized crime, corruption, terrorism and all
criminal and illegal activities, transboundary environmental hazards;
other related questions of interest to the participants;
(ii) receive regular information from the competent bodies addressing
transparency and confidence- building measures in the region. This Table
will also encourage continued implementation of the Dayton/Paris Article
IV Arms Control Agreement and progress of the negotiations of Article V,
and should consider whether, at an appropriate time, further arms control,
security and confidence building measures might be addressed, by the
competent bodies, taking into account existing obligations and commitments
under the CFE Treaty.
(iii) receive regular information from the competent bodies addressing
cooperation on defence/military issues aimed at enhancing stability in the
region and among countries in the region, and facilitate the sustained
engagement of all concerned to ensure regional security, conflict
prevention and management. The work of this Table will complement and be
coherent with efforts for the security of this region undertaken by
various European and Euro-Atlantic initiatives and structures.
Working Tables will establish work plans in conformity with the objectives
of the Stability Pact. Within the range of their competence, they can
establish side tables or call meetings and conferences on matters of a
specific or sub-regional nature. In this context, special attention is to
be given to fostering the exchange between private citizens (in particular
youth), societal groups, entrepreneurs and companies as well as
non-governmental organisations and their respective counterparts in the
various countries of the region. They will, in particular, pay attention
to the coherence and consistency of their work with existing activities
and seek to promote complementarity and synergy, as well as avoid
duplication, with existing activities.
Chairmanship of the Working Tables will be established by the South
Eastern Europe Regional Table. The Working Tables will report to the South
Eastern Europe Regional Table. The respective chairs of the South Eastern
Europe Regional Table and the Working Tables will meet periodically and as
necessary to discuss and coordinate the activities of the Working Tables
and to monitor progress.
location and timing of the individual Working Tables should be arranged to
facilitate, to the extent possible, the attendance of participants who may
take part in more than one Working Table, without excluding different
Tables developing their own calendars according to their respective
dynamics. Tables could take place either in rotation in the countries of
the region or at the invitation of individual countries or of the European
Union or in Vienna, at the venue of the Permanent Council of the OSCE.
The host country, or host organisation, should provide at its expense meeting
facilities, such as conference rooms, secretarial assistance and
interpretation. The European Union has expressed its readiness to bear such
expenses when meetings are held at the seat of its institutions.
SARAJEVO SUMMIT DECLARATION
of the Heads of State and Government of the participating and facilitating countries of the Stability Pact and the Principals of participating and facilitating International Organisations and Agencies and regional initiatives
have gathered in Sarajevo on 30 July 1999 to endorse the purposes and
principles of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, initiated by the
European Union, adopted in Cologne on 10 June 1999, and subsequently placed
under the auspices of the OSCE. We affirm our collective and individual
readiness to give concrete meaning to the Pact by promoting political and
economic reforms, development and enhanced security in the region. We confirm
our commitment to overcome the tragedies which have afflicted South Eastern
Europe during this decade and pledge our continued support to the Dayton/Paris
and Kosovo peace processes.
is a city which has taken its place in the history of our century. It is a symbol of the will to emerge from the depths of conflict and destruction as well as a symbol of multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural respect and tolerance. From Sarajevo, we affirm our determination to work together towards the full achievement of the objectives of democracy, respect for human rights, economic and social development and enhanced security to which we have subscribed by adopting the Stability Pact. We reaffirm our shared responsibility to build a Europe that is at long last undivided, democratic and
at peace. We will work together to promote the integration of South Eastern Europe into a continent where borders remain inviolable but no longer denote division and offer the opportunity of contact and cooperation.
3. Those countries in the region who seek integration into Euro-Atlantic structures,
alongside a number of other participants of the Sarajevo Summit, strongly believe that the Pact and implementation of its objectives will facilitate this process. We reaffirm that the EU Member States and other participating countries and international organisations and institutions commit themselves to making every effort to assist them to make speedy and measurable progress along this road. We also reaffirm the inherent right of each and every state participating in the Pact to be free to choose or change its security and association arrangements, including treaties of alliance as they evolve.
4. It is our strong wish that all the countries of the region work together in a spirit of cohesion and solidarity through the Stability Pact to build a common, prosperous and secure future. We regret that we were not able to invite the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) to be present today as a full and equal participant in the Stability Pact. All participants must respect the principles and objectives of this pact. We appeal to the people of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to embrace democratic change and to work actively for regional reconciliation. In order to draw this country closer to this goal, respecting its sovereignty and territorial integrity, we will consider ways of making the Republic of Montenegro an early beneficiary of the pact and reaffirm our support to all democratic forces. In this connection, we support the full implementation of UNSC Resolution 1244 regarding Kosovo, FRY. We also support UNMIK and KFOR in their efforts to ensure peace, democracy and security for all inhabitants of Kosovo. We reiterate the importance of the preservation of the multi-ethnic character of Kosovo, where the rights of all citizens and the rule
of law are respected. We welcome the encouraging results of the 28 July 1999 donor conference for immediate humanitarian and other assistance.
5. The countries of the region are the owners of the stabilisation process and their
full efforts in and commitments to this undertaking are critical to its success. We welcome the progress the countries of South Eastern Europe have made in building regional cooperation and the commitments they have undertaken on bilateral and regional levels to promote and implement the objectives of the Stability Pact. Regional initiatives, organisations and cooperative structures will be of particular benefit to this effort.
6. Regional cooperation will serve as a catalyst to the aspirations of the countries in the region to integrate themselves into broader structures. We welcome common proposals and projects of cross-border or regional character by the countries of South Eastern Europe and other countries of the Stability Pact as an important contribution to translating the Pact's objectives into swift and specific actions. These proposals should be referred to the Regional Table and the relevant Working Tables of the Stability Pact.
7. We will work together to accelerate the transition in the region to stable democracies, prosperous market economies and open and pluralistic societies in which human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, are respected, as an important step in their integration into euro-atlantic and global institutions. We welcome the undertakings of countries of the region to continue to promote democracy, reconciliation, economic reform, good governance, security cooperation and confidence-building, which constitute a solid basis for our efforts to stabilize and transform the region. Our shared objective is the development of peaceful and good
neighbourly relations. Full implementation by all parties of the Dayton/Paris Accords, as envisaged by the Peace Implementation Council (PIC) in Madrid, is also an integral element of regional stabilisation. The partners undertake
fully to support the countries of the region in their effort to achieve these goals.
8. The Stability Pact process will concentrate on the areas of democracy and human
rights, economic development and cooperation as well as security.
9. Democracy and Human Rights:
Deep-rooted democratic habits and a vibrant civil society constitute the
foundation upon which the achievement of the objectives of the Pact can be
built. We will work together to encourage cooperation, including among
countries of Central and Eastern Europe and of South Eastern Europe that have
valuable practical experience to share, on promoting human rights and attitudes
and practices of democratic accountability, personal responsibility, freedom of
expression and the rule of law. We commit ourselves to continue to cooperate to
restructure civil administration and to bolster the freedom of political
activity and independent media throughout the region. We affirm that we are
accountable to our citizens and responsible to one another for respect for OSCE
norms and principles. We emphasise the important role of the Council of Europe
in the implementation of the Stability Pact. We also reaffirm the right of all
refugees and displaced persons to return freely and safely to their homes. We
reconfirm our pledge to cooperate towards preserving the multinational and
multiethnic diversity of countries in the region and protecting minorities.
Established ethnic, cultural and linguistic identities and rights should be
consistently protected in accordance with relevant international mechanisms and
conventions. We welcome the initiative by countries of the region to develop a
dialogue and consultations on human rights issues.
Development and Cooperation:
We underline the importance of enhanced economic relations of countries in the
region with the European Union and of their integration into the global trading
system, including WTO membership. We affirm that economic reform and the
creation of a healthy business environment are necessary prerequisites for
economic progress, integration and job creation. We commit ourselves to work
together to remove policy and administrative obstacles to the free flow of
goods and capital, in order to increase economic cooperation, trade and investment
in the region and between the region and the rest of Europe and the world, and
also to improve basic regional infrastructure. Countries of the region pledge
to take concrete action to improve the investment climate. In turn, we will
work together with the international financial institutions to develop
appropriate vehicles to mobilise private finance and mitigate risk. We
recognise the great economic benefit to the region of providing unilateral
trade preferences for South Eastern Europe, and we commit to pursue such
concrete measures to catalyse development and growth in the region. Countries
in the region will continue and where necessary intensify efforts to create a
predictable and fair business environment, fight corruption and crime and press
on with market-oriented reforms, including privatisation. Partners will work
systematically and in a coordinated way to assist them in this endeavour,
drawing on their expertise and resources. In that context, we will develop
specific means to allow active participation of firms from South Eastern Europe
in procurement for reconstruction and development in the region. Subject to
this objective, such procurement should be done through fair and transparent
competition according to multilaterally agreed principles. The international
financial institutions will make best efforts to assist the countries of South
Eastern Europe to achieve rapid and effective economic development. We ask that
proposals, including from countries in the region, on economic development and
cooperation of a regional character be evaluated, as appropriate, in the
EC-World Bank donor coordination process and in the Stability Pact Economic
Working Table, working in close consultation with one another. Where
appropriate, additional financing for regional projects could be sought from
donors. Italy has offered to host a conference for this purpose.
11. Security: We pledge to work
towards ending tensions and creating peaceful and good neighbourly relations in
order to strengthen a climate of security throughout the region. We commit
ourselves to full implementation of existing arms control and
confidence-building measures and to efforts for their improvement. We will also
promote civilian control of the armed forces and effective measures against
organised crime, terrorism and problems caused by landmines and small arms
proliferation. We will cooperate to promote transparency and accountability in
defense and security matters and military spending. In this regard, we welcome
the decision of Bosnia and Herzegovina to reduce its military expenditures and
personnel. We furthermore welcome the recommitment of signatories present to
fulfilling their Dayton arms control obligations.
welcome and support the appointment of Mr. Bodo Hombach as the Special
Coordinator of the Stability Pact by the Council of the European Union, as
endorsed by the Chairman in Office of the OSCE. We pledge our full cooperation
to the Special Coordinator in the achievement of our objectives.
expect the South Eastern Europe Regional Table to establish an effective
coordination framework for the Pact's activities. We welcome the intention of
the Presidency of the EU to convene the first meeting of the Regional Table in
September 1999. We welcome the intention of the Special Coordinator to present
a Work Plan in advance of that first meeting, together with proposals on the
chairs of the Working Tables to be established at this meeting. We welcome the
intention of participants and facilitators and other interested countries to
contribute proposals to be included in the Work Plan covering the activities of
the Working Tables. We support convening of the meetings of the Working Tables
within one month after the Regional Table meeting at dates and locations to be
decided at the Regional Table.
welcome the intention expressed by all present to translate the objectives of
the Pact into concrete action, tailored to the individual needs of the
countries in the region, and taking into account recommendations made by them.
Operating on the basis of equality, transparency and efficiency, the Regional
Table and the Working Tables will be instrumental in giving further substance
to and monitoring the implementation of our commitments.
call on all participants and facilitators and other interested countries to
continue to participate generously in this process of transformation, economic
development and reconstruction of South Eastern Europe upon which we are
embarking with today's solemn gathering. We call on all to align themselves
with the objective of extending the area of stability, democracy, peace and
prosperity to all the peoples of South Eastern Europe.